Q? I have been smoking for years. Can my teeth be whiter?

Ans. Yes. External bleaching may help. If it doesn’t, the teeth can be covered with a light composite resin bonding or beautiful porcelain laminates. However, continued heavy smoking will unfortunately shorten the longevity of any treatment result.

Q? My son chews tobacco. Will it cause cancer?

Ans. It sure can! It’s even worse than cigarettes because of the higher concentration of tobacco. Chewing tobacco is an absolute cancer producer.

Q? Does special whitening toothpaste really lighten teeth?

Ans. remove a few surface stains but do not bleach the teeth as effectively as bleaching gels or solutions that contain the bleaching agent, Carbamide Peroxide. Even if the toothpaste does contain some bleaching chemicals, the paste is in contact with the teeth for an insignificant amount of time compared with using a bleaching solution and a form-fitted matrix or especially an in-office treatment. Also, these toothpastes may have harmful abrasive elements that can wear away tooth structure over time.

Q? How long does bleaching last?

Ans. Each person is different. It depends on many factors including your diet, the original color of your teeth, and each person’s ability to absorb bleaching products.

Q? My gums bleed when I brush or floss. Is this normal?

Ans. No! A thorough soft tissue evaluation including X-rays, with a prophylaxis (cleaning) and good homecare instructions is an essential beginning. Usually bleeding is an initial symptom of gingivitis or periodontal disease, and may require conventional gum surgery if necessary. Seek a dentist who can do different forms of treatment from simple cleaning of the teeth to antibiotic therapy, and as a last resort, surgery.

Q? I have a gap between my two front teeth. How can it be closed?

Ans.There are several ways in which this can be corrected:

.Orthodontics is the best way (multiple visits).

.Bonding (one visit).

.Porcelain laminate veneers (two visits).

.Crowns (two visits).

Q? How many sittings are required for a root canal?

Ans.That depends on the degree of infection. However; now a days root-canal along with the crown can be completed in 2/3sitings maximum in more than 90% of the cases and often within a week’s time. Only in cases of swelling or severe pain /infection;the number of sittings may increase.

Q? Do I have to remove teeth for braces treatment?

Ans .Not necessarily… It depends on the position of your jaws and your expectation from the treatment. Your dentist will take a series of x rays to determine whether removal of teeth are a must. Is the treatment very painfull? Slight discomfort may be experienced for the first week with the brackets if present till the lips and teeth adjust around it .

Q?How to close gaps between the teeth?

Ans .Gaps between the teeth can be closed by either pulling the teeth together with braces orthodontically or cosmetically by placing porcelain laminates, lumineers or metal free crowns. If only spacing is a problem then either of it is a good option; however if teeth are malformed or missing resulting in the presence of gaps then directly going in for cosmetic correction is a more viable option.

Q? What is cosmetic treatment or Smile designing?

Ans .It is an artistic method to align your teeth and beautify your smile. In this we design the crowns so as to close the gaps between the teeth. Laminates and Lumineers are relatively non invasive methods of achieving gap closure along with change in colour and shape of the teeth when the teeth are perfectly aligned.

Q? Can implants always be used to replace missing teeth?

Ans .It depends on the state of the bone in your jaw. Your dentist will arrange for a special radiograph to assess the amount of bone still there. If there is not enough, or if it isn’t healthy enough, grafting or placing of bone may be required prior to placing implants in that area first.

Q? What causes tooth loss?

Ans .Tooth decay and periodontal disease are the most common causes of tooth loss. Tooth decay takes place when most of the tooth’s mineral makeup has been dissolved away and a hole (cavity) has formed. While tooth decay primarily affects children, periodontal disease, or gum disease, affects mostly adults. Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums caused by the build-up of plaque, and its earliest stage is known as gingivitis.

Q? What causes oral cancer?

Ans .Tobacco (cigarettes, pipes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and snuff) is the most common cause of oral cancer. Combining tobacco use with heavy drinking can also foster the development of oral cancer. Bad hygiene, prolonged irritation of the oral cavity, and extended exposure to strong sunlight on the lips are among other causes of the disease. Many dentists believe vitamins A and E can help prevent the acquisition of oral cancer.

Q? What is oral/ maxillofacial surgery?

Ans .Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of defects, injuries, and diseases involving the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws, and neck.

Q? Who needs to have their wisdom teeth extracted?

Ans .Anyone who is in danger of developing impacted wisdom teeth (third molars that only partially erupt or get trapped or stuck in the jaw) should have them removed so that they do not damage adjacent molars and cause other oral problems. In addition, anyone who is getting dentures should have their wisdom teeth removed.

Q? What is a dental implant?

Ans .Dental Implant is a modality of treatment wherein Roots of missing teeth are replaced by Implants fixed in the bone. These Implants can either support Crowns, Bridges or Removable Dentures in the mouth. Oral Implantology has become one of the fastest growing disciplines of dentistry. Most modern implants are made of titanium. Titanium and titanium alloy are well accepted by the jaw bone. The external surface of the implant may be treated by different methods to increase the surface area available for bone cells to grow into.

Dental implants are available in different sizes and shapes like screws, blades and cylinders. The implant dentist selects the most appropriate implant after studying the case.

Q? Why to place an implant?

Ans .Missing teeth can be replaced by dentures or bridges. Conventionally fixed replacement of missing teeth was done by Bridges after abrading natural adjacent teeth for support. However, if teeth on either side of the missing tooth space were not present it would not be possible to make a tooth supported bridge & an Implant supported bridge would be the other alternative. Implants need neither gum nor teeth to support them. Implants are placed directly in bone and do not damage surrounding teeth. They function like individual natural teeth. Loose removable dentures can be made firm in the mouth by clipping them over 2 or 4 Implants.

Q? At what age can an implant be placed ?

Ans .Boys younger than 18 years and girls younger than 16 are usually not treated with implants, though there may be exceptions depending on the individual considerations. Healthy individuals, however old they may be can avail of implant treatment, after consulting with their respective physicians.

Q? What are the advantages of an implant?

Ans . Improved self esteem
Removable Dentures can loosen and dislodge while speaking. With implants, however the person can confidently talk, eat, chew and speak naturally.

Improved comfort
Conventional Removable Dentures is seated on the gum and hence is mobile. Such Dentures can be clipped on Implants which remain firm as they take their support from the bone and the thus the Denture would be stable & more comfortable.

Improved health
Implants greatly enhances chewing efficiency and hence allows the patient to eat all types of nutritious food easily.

Improved appearance
When teeth are lost the facial appearance begins to change. The muscle tone is lost and the person looks older. Dental implants greatly reduce the bone loss and this in turn has a beneficial effect on the facial musculature.

Q? How does an implant prevent bone loss?

Ans . Biting forces are transmitted to the jaw bone by the roots of teeth. This stimulates the bone and keeps it healthy. As teeth are lost, the bone in that area does not receive adequate stimulation and becomes weaker and gets gradually reduced. Placement of implants allows adequate stimulation of the surrounding bone and hence leads to a healthier bone environment.

Q? How long do implant procedures take?

Ans . The time to place implants can range from a few minutes to an hour or more, depending on the type of implant procedure necessary. The teeth can be fixed over the implants either immediately or after a few months as the case demands and allows